Scout troops and 4-H clubs are but two examples. This important freedom allows people to tell the government what they think is needed. They can try to prevent the government from acting in a certain way. They can complain to the government without fear of penalty when things aren't going the way they should. For example, if people dump garbage near your school, you and your parents can petition the government to clean. Freedom to petition helps the government to clean. Freedom to petition can also let the government know how well it is doing its job.
Rights, act and the
This freedom makes it possible for Americans to keep informed about what is going on in government. It helps them to be responsible citizens. Reporters and editors can criticize the government without the risk of punishment, provided they do not deliberately tell lies. Newspapers, magazines, and books, as well as television and movie scripts, do not have to be submitted for government inspection before they are published. This censorship would violate the first Amendment. This freedom makes it possible for Americans to join clubs or political parties, even if those groups problem represent unpopular views. Because of the first Amendment, people can join groups to promote animal rights, the nuclear freeze, or conservation. They can join groups to protest government intervention in haiti, imported clothes and shoes, toxic wastes, or aid to serbia or Bosnia. By sharing common interests, Americans can learn to work together. There are groups devoted to the interests of young people.
This freedom entitles American citizens to the say what they think, provided they do not intentionally hurt someone else's reputation by making false accusations. Neither may they make irresponsible statements deliberately harmful to others, such as yelling, "Fire!" in a crowded theater when there is no fire. There are many issues about which Americans disagree, from child-rearing practices to baseball teams to Presidential candidates. Freedom of speech enables people to state their opinions openly to try to convince others to change their minds. The first Amendment also gives you the right to disagree with what others say without fear of punishment by the government authorities. However, if you make an outrageous statement, such as, "The earth is flat free speech will not keep people from making fun of you. If you express an unpopular opinion — for example, that students do not get enough homework — don't be surprised if your classmates avoid you. The first Amendment does not prevent social or peer pressure to conform to what others think. Freedom of the Press.
These were the guarantees that the Antifederalists missed most in the new Constitution. Freedom of religion means that the government may not force you to accept one set of religious beliefs nor may it interfere with the way you worship. One of the most heated debates life of our time involves the issue of prayer and schools. Do students have the right the to pray in class? Or would a prayer interfere with another student's rights "not" to pray? A number of cases have been brought before the supreme court to settle this matter. The supreme court has held that prayers or even a required moment of silence without a clear secular purpose would violate the principles of the first Amendment.
However, the Antifederalists' criticisms were not ignored. As soon as the new Congress met, the legislature, under the leadership of Madison, prepared 10 "amendments or additions, to the constitution. They were all approved by 1791 and became known as the bill of Rights. The 10 Amendments and What They protect. The first Amendment: Basic Liberties, the first Amendment is perhaps the most important part of the bill of Rights. It protects five of the most basic liberties. They are freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and freedom to petition the government to right wrongs.
United States Constitution - wikipedia
When the constitution was being written, many state constitutions already had bills of rights. For that reason, the authors of the constitution did not feel it was necessary to have another one. The antifederalists believed that without a list of personal freedoms, the new versus national government might abuse its powers. They worried that it would destroy the liberties won in the revolution. Supporters of the constitution, supporters of the new system were called "Federalists." They included george washington and two future supreme court Chief Justices, john Marshall and John jay. To help win support for the new Constitution, Alexander Hamilton, james Madison, and John jay wrote a series of essays for the newspaper. These were eventually published under the title "The federalist.".
In these essays, they described the constitution and explained how it would work. They answered its critics calmly and effectively. They pointed out how the new government was a republic with safeguards against the abuse of power. By the end wanted of July 1788, 11 states had ratified the constitution. But the new government could not go into effect: North Carolina and Rhode Island did not approve the constitution until after the government was set.
When the delegates sought to have the new Constitution ratified, they faced a similar problem. They thought everyone knew what individual rights were, so they did not define them in the constitution. However, the lack of specific guarantees of personal liberty was one of the main reasons why a number of states were reluctant to accept the constitution. Objections to the constitution, in order to approve the new Constitution, voters were to elect representatives to special state conventions. In New York, virginia, and Massachusetts, the people and their representatives were strongly opposed to the constitution. They were called the "Antifederalists." The Antifederalists included such patriots as Patrick henry, the virginia orator; Sam Adams, the massachusetts agitator; george mason, who had written much of the virginian Constitution; and Richard Henry lee, who had served as Virginia's delegate to the continental Congress.
The Antifederalists argued that the states would be absorbed into an all-too-powerful national government. They claimed that the limits on direct voting and the long terms of the president and senators would create an aristocratic class. They also feared that the president might become another monarch. In other words, these Antifederalists felt that the new Constitution was most undemocratic. Their major objection to the new Constitution was its lack of a bill of rights. "Bills of rights" list the specific freedoms that governments cannot threaten or take away.
Talk: Bill of, rights 1689 - wikipedia
The history of the bill summary of Rights. Remember how delighted you were when you got your own bicycle? You could ride it all over the neighborhood much more quickly than you could walk. However, you needed to remember the safety rules. That way you didn't have an accident and hurt pedestrians or yourself. What might have happened if nobody bothered to tell you the rules? What if everyone took those rules so much for granted that no one even wrote them down? How could you watch out for pedestrians' rights if you weren't sure what those rights were?
Also, people accused are to be informed of the crimes with which they are charged and have the right to confront the witnesses brought by the government. The amendment also provides the accused the right to compel testimony from witnesses, and to legal representation (meaning the government has to provide a lawyer). The seventh Amendment - provides that civil cases also be tried by jury. The eighth Amendment - prohibits excessive bail, excessive fines, and cruel and unusual punishments. The ninth Amendment - states that the list of rights described in the constitution is not writing exhaustive, and that the people still have all the rights that are not listed. The tenth Amendment - gives all powers not specifically given to the United States government in the constitution, to either the states or to the people. Activities, take a ten question quiz about this page. Listen to a recorded reading of this page: your browser does not support the audio element. To learn more about the United States government: Works Cited, history us government.
of us citizens. It requires the government to have a warrant that was issued by a judge and based on probable cause. The fifth Amendment - the fifth Amendment is famous for people saying "I'll take the fifth". This gives people the right to choose not to testify in court if they feel their own testimony will incriminate themselves. In addition this amendment protects citizens from being subject to criminal prosecution and punishment without due process. It also prevents people from being tried for the same crime twice. The amendment also establishes the power of eminent domain, which means that private property can not be seized for public use without just compensation. The sixth Amendment - guarantees a speedy trial by a jury of one's peers.
It became a major issue in ratifying the essay constitution in some states. As a result, james Madison wrote 12 amendments and presented them to the first Congress in 1789. On December 15, 1791 ten of the amendments were passed and made part of the constitution. They would later become known as the bill of Rights. The bill of Rights was based on several previous documents including the. Magna carta, the virginia declaration of Rights, and the English Bill of Rights. Here is a list of the first 10 amendments to the constitution, the bill of Rights: The first Amendment - states that Congress shall make no law preventing the establishment of religion or prohibiting its free exercise. Also protected are freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and the right to petition the government for a redress of grievances. The second Amendment - protects citizen's right to bear arms.
Lesson Plans: Congress and the
Us government for Kids: United States Bill of Rights. Parents and teachers : Support Ducksters by following us. History us government, bill of Rights from the 1st United States Congress. The bill of Rights are the first 10 amendments to the. The idea behind the bill of Rights was to insure certain freedoms and rights to the citizens of America. It put limits on what the government could do and control. Freedoms protected include freedom of religion, speech, assembly, the right to bear arms, unreasonable search and seizure of your home, the right to a speedy trial, biography and more. Many delegates of the states were against signing the constitution without a bill of Rights included.